The Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) conducted annual National Ice Hockey Championships from 1931–1948, except during most of the World War II years. Starting in 1938, the Amateur Hockey Association of the United States (AHA or AHAUS) also arranged a championship but much less prestigious after 1953, when the top minor league teams stopped competing in the tournament. Rhode Island senior teams represented the state on five occasions. In 1932 the R.I. Scarlets received a bid to the USAAU championship losing in the first round 9-0 to the Bronx Hockey Club at Madison Square Garden in New York. Club Marquette (Woonsocket, RI) were eliminated in the 1939 USAAU semi finals 5-4 in double overtime by the Cleveland American Legion in New Haven (CT). In 1940 the R.I. Scarlets qualified for the AHAUS "B" Championship falling 5-4 in overtime to the "97" Club (MA) in the first round at the Boston Arena. The Flying Fenchmen of Woonsocket were upended by the Boston Junior Olympics 11-3 in the semi-finals of the 1941 AHAUS "B" Championship also played at the Boston Arena.